Information about Korea

24 Seasonal Divisions

Korea divides its seasons into 24 seasonal divisions depending on the location of the sun.

 

24 Seasonal Divisions

 

See Details of 24 Seasonal Divisions
Seasonal divisions Date Content Major seasonal customs
Ipchun Feb 4 or 5 Starting of spring New Year’s dress, ancestral ritual, visit ancestors’ graves, New year’s bow, bokjori (rice strainer that brings blessing), exorcism, jwibullori (burning grass and weeds), fortune telling, neolttwigi (Korean jumping game), yutnori (Korean traditional board game), yeonnalligi (kite flying), eating five grain rice, dalburi (fortune telling), antaekgosa (shamanistic ritual to appease the household god), eating nuts, ear-quickening wine (served on the first full moon day of the lunar new year), selling heat, dragon egg harvesting, not giving food to dogs on the 115th day of lunar January, viewing the first moon, tug-of-war, seokjeon (ritual), bridge walking, stacking up rice straw
Usu Feb 18 or 19 Spring rain and sprouting
Gyeongchip Mar 5 or 6 Frogs awakened from hibernation yeongdeung Grandmother, unstacking rice straw, festival of servants, stir-frying corns, watching Pleiades
Chunbun Mar 20 or 21 Lengthening of daytime
Cheongmyeong Apr 4 or 5 Preparation of spring farming hansik memorial service, the third day of the third lunar month, making pan-fried sweet rice cake with flower petals, making sauces
Gogu Apr 20 or 21 Farming rain falls
Ipha May 5 or 6 Beginning of summer Buddha’s Birthday , floating lotus lanterns, jwibullori (burning grass and weeds)
Soman May 21 or 22 Beginning of farming
Mangjong Jun 5 or 6 Beginning of sawing sanmaegi dano, dano fans, mugwort tiger, cheonjung talisman, dano adornment, sweet flag, neolttwigi (Korean jumping game), ssireum (Korean wrestling), Dyeing finger nails with garden balsams
Haji Jun 21 or 22 Longest dayttime
Soseo Jul 7 or 8 Beginning of summer heat yudu Cheonsin (offering the first harvest of the season to gods), sambok, stream fishing
Daeseo Jul 22 or 23 Hottest day
Ipchu Aug 7 or 8 Beginning of fall chilseok gosa (ritual), baekjungnal (the Buddhist All Souls’ Day, mid July by the lunar calendar), baekjung nori, hoe washing, uranbunjae (Buddhist ceremony), duregilssam (farmer’ cooperative work)
Cheoseo Aug 23 or 24 Heat cools off; big day and night difference
Baengno Sep 7 or 8 Dew starts to fall cutting weeds, chuseok ritual, turtoise play, somegi nori, geunchin, Ganggang Sulrae (song and circle dance)
Chubun Sep 23 or 24 Nighttime getting longer
Hallo Oct 8 or 9 Cold dew falls Jungangjeol, Jungang ritual
Sanggang Oct 23 or 24 Appearance of frost
Ipdong Nov 7 or 8 Beginning of winter malnal, sije (ancestral ritual), seongju gosa
Soseol Nov 22 or 23 Ice starts to form
Daeseol Dec 7 or 8 Heavy snow dongji, dongji gosa , Dongji ritual
Dongji Dec 21 or 22 The longest night
Sohan Jan 5 or 6 Coldest days nabil, jeseok, New year’s eve greetings bidding the old year out, narye, Suse
Daehan Jan 20 or 21 Coldest days of winter

 

Source: http://english.seoul.go.kr/life-information/culture/traditional-culture/1-overview-of-traditional-culture/


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